Here is a list of recommended books and articles related to Human Tension


Adler, Mortimer J. and Hutchins, Robert M. (1952). ‘Evolution.’ In Great Ideas, the Great Books Series. Encyclopaedia Britannica, Chicago.

Bergson, H. (1911). Creative Evolution. Tr. A. Mitchell. London: Macmillan and Co.

Brozek, Bartosz, Janusz Maczka, Wojciech P. Grygiel (2011). Philosophy in Science: Methods and Applications. Kraków: Copernicus Center Press.

Bryant, Joseph (2004). “An Evolutionary Social Science? A Skeptic’s Brief, Theoretical and Substantive.” Philosophy of the Social Sciences, December.

Carter, Ben (2001). The Defective Image: How Darwinism Fails to Provide an Adequate Account of the World. University Press of America.

Cavell, Richard (2002). McLuhan in Space: A Cultural Geography. Toronto, Buffalo, London: University of Toronto Press.

Clark, Andy and David J. Chalmers (1998). “The Extended Mind.” Analysis 58: 10-23.

Danilevsky, Nikolai M. (1885, 1889). Darwinism: A Critical Investigation.

Darwin, Charles (1892). The Autobiography of Charles Darwin and Selected Letters. Ed. and arranged by Francis Darwin, New York: Dover, 1958.

De Vries, Paul (1986). “Naturalism in the Natural Sciences.” Christian Scholar’s Review, 15: pp. 388-396.

Descartes, René (1996). Oeuvres de Descartes. Ed. Charles Adam & Paul Tannery, Paris, Vrin.

Dewey, John (1910). The Influence of Darwin on Philosophy and Other Essays. New York: Henry Holt and Company.

Dewey, John (1902). “The Evolutionary Method As Applied to Morality: 1. Its Scientific Necessity.” Philosophical Review 11.

Dickens, Peter (2000). Social Darwinism: Linking Evolutionary Thought to Social Theory. Buckingham: Open University Press.

Dietz, Thomas, Tom R. Burns, and Frederick H. Buttel (1990). ‘Evolutionary Theory in Sociology: An Examination of Current Thinking.’ Sociological Forum 5 (2).

Dobzhansky, Theodosius (1963). “Anthropology and the Natural Sciences: The Problem of Human Evolution.” In Current Anthropology, Vol. 4, No. 2. Apr.: 138, 146-148.

Drees, Willem B. (1996). Religion, Science and Naturalism. Cambridge University Press.

Ellis, George F.R., Michael Heller and Tadeusz Pabjan (2013). The Causal Universe. Kraków: Copernicus Center Press.

Fuller, Steve (2010). Science: The Art of Living. London: Acumen.

Fuller, Steve (2006). The New Sociological Imagination. London: Sage.

Fuller, Steve (1988). Social Epistemology. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Giddens, Anthony (1984). The Constitution of Society. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Goudge, Thomas A. (1961). The Ascent of Life: A Philosophical Study of the Theory of Evolution. University of Toronto Press.

Gouldner, Alvin (1970). The Coming Crisis of Western Sociology. New York: Basic Books.

Grassmann, Herman (2000, [1844, 1862]). The Theory of Extension (Ausdehnungslehre). American Mathematical Society.

Hall, Edward T. (1959). The Silent Language. Garden City, New York: Doubleday & Company.

Haraway, Donna (1988). “Situated Knowledges.” Feminist Studies 14, 3: 575-600.

Heffner, Philip (1993). The Human Factor: Evolution, Culture and Religion. Minneapolis, Fortress Press.

Heller, Michael (2013). Philosophy of Chance: A cosmic fuge with a prelude and a coda. Trans. Rafal Smietana, Kraków: Copernicus Centre Press.

Heller, Michael (2003). Creative Tension: Essays on Science and Religion. Templeton Press.

Heller, Michael, Bartosz Brozek, Lukasz Kurek (2013). Between Philosophy and Science. Kraków: Copernicus Centre Press.

Innis, Harold A. (1972). Empire and Communications. Revised by M.Q. Innis. Foreword by M. McLuhan. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Jonas, Hans (1966). The Phenomenon of Life: towards a philosophical biology. New York: Harper & Row.

Jones, Judith (1998). Intensity: an essay in Whiteheadian ontology. Tennessee: Vanderbilt University Press.

Kass, Leon (2002). “The Permanent Limitations of Biology.” Life, Liberty, and the Defense of Dignity. Encounter Books.

Kroker, Arthur (1996 [1984]). Technology and the Canadian Mind: Innis / McLuhan / Grant. Montreal: New World Perspectives.

Kuyper, Abraham (1899). “Evolution.” Abraham Kuyper: A Centennial Reader, ed. James Bratt, U.K.: Eerdmans, 1998.

Leitch, Addison (1967). “Evolution as an Easygoing Theory.” Quarterly Journal for Encouraging Original Work in Philosophy.

McLuhan, Marshall (1999). The Medium and the Light: Reflections on Religion. Ed. E. McLuhan and J. Szklarek. Toronto and New York: Stoddart Publishing.

McLuhan, Marshall (1997). Essential McLuhan. Eds. E. McLuhan and F. Zingrone. London: Routledge.

McLuhan, Marshall (1970). “Education in the Electronic Age.” Interchange 1 (4): 1-12.

McLuhan, Marshall (1968). War and Peace in the Global Village. Coordinated by J. Agel. New York, London, Toronto: Bantam Books.

McLuhan, Marshall (1964). Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man. New York: McGraw-Hill.

McLuhan, Marshall (1962). The Gutenberg Galaxy: The Making of Typographic Man. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

McLuhan, Marshall, and Bruce B. Powers (1989). The Global Village: Transformations in World Life and Media in the 21st Century. New York: Oxford University Press.

McLuhan, Marshall, and Eric McLuhan (1988). Laws of Media: The New Science. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Menary, Richard ed. (2010). The Extended Mind. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Merton, Robert (1936). “The Unanticipated Consequences of Purposive Social Action.” The American Sociological Review, Volume 1, Issue 6, 894-904.

Midgley, Mary (1985, 2002). Evolution as a Religion. London: Routledge.

Mikhailkovski, Nikolai K. (1870). The Theory of Darwin and Social Science (Теория Дарвина и общественная наука). St. Petersburg.

Mises, Ludwig von (1963). Theory and History. (

Mises, Ludwig von (2000 [1985, 1957]). Treatise on Social and Economic Evolution. Online edition, Auburn: The Mises Institute: Yale University Press.

Moore, J. R. (1979). The Post-Darwinian Controversies. Cambridge Univ. Press, New York.

Nisbet, Robert (1969). Social Change and History, New York: Oxford University Press.

Nobo, Jorge Luis (1986). Whitehead’s Metaphysics of Extension and Solidarity. Albany: State University of New York Press.

North, Douglas (1993). “Economic Performance Through Time.” From Nobel Lectures, Economics 1991-1995, Torsten Persson ed., Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Co.: 1997. (

O’Hear, Anthony (1999). Beyond Evolution: Human Nature and the Limits of Evolutionary Explanation.

Peacocke, Arthur (2004). Evolution: Disguised Friend of Faith? Pennsylvania: Templeton Press.

Polkinghorne, John (1996). Beyond Science: the wider human context. Cambridge University Press.

Popper, Karl (1974). Unended Quest. London: Routledge.

Robertson, George C. (1888). “The Psychological Theory of Extension.” Mind, Vol. 13, No. 51.

Rothrock, Paul and Ray Griszle (2000). “Can A Christian Believe In Evolution? A Yes Response.” American Scientific Affiliation. (

Sandstrom, Gregory (2014). Human Extension: An Alternative to Evolutionism, Creationism and Intelligent Design. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Sandstrom, Gregory (2014). “Human Satellites and Creative Extension.” Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective Vol. 3, No. 3: pp. 60-63. (

Sandstrom, Gregory (2013). “Peace for Evolution’s Puzzle: The Arrival of Human Extension.” Evolution Almanac, “Development within Big History, Evolutionary and World-System Paradigms,” eds. Andrey V. Korotayev and Leonid E. Grinin, Volgograd: Uchitel: pp. 267-288.

Sandstrom, Gregory (2013). “Human Extension as an Innovative Methodology for Positive Socialisation.” Socialinis Ugdymas, Nr. 2 (34): pp. 13-24.

Sandstrom, Gregory (2012). «Рост, развитие и изменения: выход за пределы эволюционной парадигмы.» (“Growth, Development and Change: Going Beyond the Evolutionary Paradigm.”) Translated from English by P.I. Litvinova and M.V. Sinyutin. In Evolutionary and Institutional Economics: Discussions, Methods and Applications. St. Petersburg: Aletheia Press: pp. 101-117. (Russian)

Sandstrom, Gregory (2011). “Evolutionary and Institutional Economics: A View from the Post-Neo-Classical Perspective.” In Theory and Practice of Institutional Reforms in Russia / Collection of scientific works, ed. B.H. Yerznkyan. Issue 21. – Moscow, CEMI Russian Academy of Sciences, 2011: pp. 90-113.

Sandstrom, Gregory (2011). “McLuhan, Burawoy, McLuhan: Extending Anthropic Communications – On the Human Equation, the Extended Case Method and Human Extension.” Revista da Associação Nacional dos Programas de Pós-Graduação em Comunicação. E-compós, Brasília, v.14, n.3. (English and Portuguese)

Sandstrom, Gregory (2010). “The Extension of ‘Extension’ OR the ‘Evolution’ of Science and Technology as a Global Phenomenon.” Liberalizing Research in Science and Technology: Studies in Science Policy. Eds. Nadia Asheulova, Binay Kumar Pattnaik, Eduard Kolchinsky, Gregory Sandstrom. St. Petersburg: Politechnika: pp. 629-655.

Sandstrom, Gregory (2010). “The Problem of Evolution: Natural-Physical or Human Social?” In Charles Darwin and Modern Biology. St. Petersburg: Institute for the History of Science and Technology, Russian Academy of Sciences: pp. 740-748.

Sandstrom, Gregory (2008). “Pieces of Evolution’s Puzzle: A Social-Philosophical Perspective.” Vestnik (Collection). Murmansk State Technical University, Vol. 11, No. 4: pp. 553-562.

Sandstrom, Gregory (2006). “The Concept of Evolution in Sociology in Russia and Canada.” Conference Proceedings, Kovalevsky Symposium, St. Petersburg: State University (In Russian).

Sandstrom, Gregory (2005). “The Extension of Evolution.” In Science, Ideology and Religion. St. Petersburg: SRPh Publishing House: p. 114-127 & 231-241 (Russian and English).

Sikorsky, Igor (1949). “The Evolution of the Soul.” William F. Ayers Foundation.

Smocovotis, V.B. (1996). Unifying Biology: The Evolutionary Synthesis and Evolutionary Biology. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Snooks, Graeme D. (1997). The Ephemeral Civilisation. Exploding the Myth of Social Evolution. London: Routledge.

Snooks, Graeme D. (2002). “Uncovering the Laws of Global History.” Social Evolution & History. Uchitel’: Moscow, Vol. 1 No. 1, July: pp. 25-53.

Snooks, Graeme D. (2003). The Collapse of Darwinism or the Rise of a Realist Theory of Life. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books and Rowman & Littlefield.

Sorokin, Pitirim (1950, 1963). Modern Historical and Social Philosophies. New York: Dover.

Sorokin, Pitirim (1941). The Crisis of Our Age. New York: Dutton.

Taylor, Charles (2007). A Secular Age. Harvard: Belknap Press.

Teilhard de Chardin, Pierre (1959). The Phenomenon of Man. Tr. B. Wall. New York: Harper & Brothers.

Theiner G. (2011). Res Cogitans Extensa: A Philosophical Defense of the Extended Mind Thesis. Frankfurt/Main: Peter Lang.

Todes, Daniel (1989). Darwin without Malthus: The Struggle for Existence in Russian Evolutionary Thought. New York: Oxford University Press.

Van Den Berghe, Pierre L. (1990). “Why Most Sociologists Don’t (and Won’t) Think Evolutionarily.” Sociological Forum 5 (2).

Veblen, Thorstein (1898). “Why is Economics not an Evolutionary Science?” The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Volume 12.

Weber, Max (1970 [1919]). “Science as a Vocation.” From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology, trans. and ed. H.H. Gerth and C.W. Mills: pp. 129-156.

Whitehead, A.N. (1967 [1933]). Adventures in Ideas. New York: The Free Press.

Whitehead, A.N. (1979 [1929]). Process and Reality: An Essay in Cosmology. Edited by David Ray Griffin and Donald W. Sherburne, Free Press.

Wolfe, Tom (1967). “Suppose he [McLuhan] is what he sounds like, the most important thinker since Newton, Darwin, Freud, Einstein, and Pavlov – what if he is right?” In G. E. Stearn (Ed.), McLuhan Hot & Cool (pp.15-34). New York: The Dial Press.


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